gardening terms for growth

Fertilizer comes in pellets and is an improved version of Slow Release Fertilizer. Now I talk of cultivar and vermicomposting and completely know what I’m talking about. Pavers: Stone, brick or concrete materials used for patios and walkways. Cutting back inadequate growth towards the top of a plant in order to create branching further down. While these plants cannot tolerate heavy foot traffic they will work in some areas. While these plants will be more tolerant of moist conditions than Dry plants they still do not like constantly moist soil. In very simple terms, nitrogen keeps the plant healthy above ground, phosphorus helps develop strong roots and potassium makes both sides work together; sulfur encourages vigorous dark-green growth. N-P-K - Ratio of Nitrogen to Phosphorous to Potassium in a fertilizer. Lumens are a very important part of the growing process, too many or not enough will have negative repercussions on your plants. Abiotic stress is a very  important term for your growing glossary. Regular applications of fertilizer are necessary for continued performance. Heavy Feeders - Plants that need a lot of fertilizer for optimal performance. Pet Friendly - Plants that are unlikely to be harmful to pets. It can be organic or inorganic and may serve several different purposes. Sandy Soil - Sandy soil is composed of many irregular to rounded tiny grains of sand, as opposed to the many tiny plate-like soil particles that make up a clay soil. Annuals. Seasons. Botanical name- The scientific name of a plant, consisting of the Genu… For detailed information on deadheading click. Dry - Water only when the soil is quite dry. It’s a numeric scale used to determine whether a solution is more acidic or basistic. Home › Growing › Growing Glossary: A Quick Rundown of Growing Terms You Should Know. Bolting- Usually the result of excessive heat and sun exposure, bolting occurs when a plant produces premature flowers or seeds instead of a crop. Accent plants offer stunning foliage color, interesting growth habit, unique flowers or a combination of all three. Trace Elements - Nutrients that plants need in small amounts. All plants will need to be watered while getting established. For detailed information on deadheading click here. Here is a fantastic article explaining the differences between heirloom, hybrid and open-pollinated.. Plant Types Vocabulary. Head-space - Space left between the top of the soil and the top of the container. It must be planted each year. Deciduous - Trees or shrubs that lose their leaves in fall and winter. An old gardening term for soil that is soft and crumbly. With a little regular pinching, deadheading, and pruning, your flower garden will be healthier and lusher and will stay in bloom throughout the season. Clump Forming - Plants that form clumps of foliage, often spreading to form other clumps close by. It must be planted each year. In growing terms this means the concentration of soluble nutrients aka minerals in the water you are giving your plants. These plants have been field-grown and are supplied in a dormant state with the soil removed. ... To use our gardening glossary simply click the letter of the alphabet to display the list of popular gardening terms and phrases! Annuals and perennials need 2 to 3 weeks to establish, shrubs and trees need a year to become established. Xeriscape - a landscape style that employs drought-resistant plants to help conserve water. Force flowering is more common when growing in colder environments. Aquaponics is a method for combining aquaculture (raising fish or other sea creatures) with hydroponics. For in ground plantings you will need to provide an inch of water each week if mother nature doesn't do it for you. Here are some regularly used gardening terms and definitions Annual - a plant that completes its life cycle (germination, flowering, seeding, dying) in one growing season Breaking bud - the stage of growth when a bud bursts through the protective bud scales Broadcast sowing - scattering seeds evenly over the ground rather than in furrows or drills Back to main Garden Plants Flower Seeds ... (growth, reproduction, death) in one season. Force flowering helps prevent plants from flowering too late into the season, which can result in them freezing and dying off. Sandy soils have low CEC. Things such as drought, excessive heat, frost, etc., can all be devastating for your plants. (2015). Over-wintering - This is a process where a plant that is not cold hardy is taken indoors or otherwise manipulated to keep it alive through the winter. Deer tastes also vary by region so trial and error may be necessary to choose deer resistant plants for your area. Frost Free Dates For areas that get frost and freezes, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has mapped out a number of areas for the country and posted a normal range of dates for the last date there is a chance of frost n the spring and the first date for frost in the fall. Climbing - Plants that climb fences or other structures by using roots or stem structures to grip, vines are climbers. Watering - Plants differ somewhat on how much water they require and will generally fall into 5 categories. Naturalize: A method of random garden plant distribution that simulates the growth of plants in the wild. Basic soils have a pH greater than 7. Acidic soils have a pH less than 7. "Hair Cut" - Using a sharp pair of scissors or shears to trim the ends of the branches off a plant, cutting an even amount off all parts of the plants, like your stylist giving you a haircut. Cutting out a thin (4-6 mm wide) strip of bark halfway round the trunk of a tree. You don’t want a lower pH typically. Understanding garden "speak" is an important step to gardening success. Etiolation Characterized by lanky, weak, pale plant growth, resulting from low or no-light conditions. Encourages strong branching and removes weak or crossing branches. Some words are quite straight forward, such as pruning, although others can be a little daunting and until their meaning is known, can make some reading quite difficult.. 3. Some perennials are also sold as bare root plants. Plants that last one season only and need to be replanted in the spring. Some will flower the first year they are planted and some will need to mature before flowering. landscape gardening noun. It varies in depth from place to place, but will almost always be less than a foot deep and can be as little as 2 inches deep. These are the main nutrients required by plants. Warm-season Grass - These grasses won't start growing until mid to late spring or even early summer. Alkaline (basic) soil - Any soil with a pH higher than 7, often associated with hard water. For in depth information on Over-wintering click here and here. Your email address will not be published. CEC - Cation Exchange Capacity, is a measure of how much fertilizer your soil can hold and release over time. If you want more information check out one of our growing guides here. Annual: a plant that completes its full life cycle—including germination, reproduction, and death—in one growing season We make gardening easy for beginners. Browse our comprehensive glossary of gardening terms to find out the meanings of the most popular technical gardening words and phrases. A dictionary of commonly used gardening and landscape terms. Nitrogen, the most important macronutrient, promotes healthy stem and leaf growth and provides for rich dark green foliage. Our resident “stonette” writes commentaries on the latest news, shares relevant news for marijuana lovers, and generally writes about stuff she knows other cannabis enthusiasts will enjoy. Root rot is often caused by chronic over-watering. Christmas Flowers & Plants. The term generally refers to plants which put on growth in the spring, flower and die back over the autumn. Hardening off will generally take several weeks. Flowering time for a plant averages at about nine weeks, but some strains take less time. (25 species in one, free-form bed 2. Biennial plants last for two years. The roots on some plants do not like to be constantly wet and we might say that the plant doesn't like to have wet feet. Did you know that they can eat as many as 5,000 aphids in their lifetime? For our  purposes, it is a spot within a garden that differs from the general environment. Annual: a plant that completes its entire life cycle in one year Biennial: a plant that takes two years to complete its entire life cycle Perennial: a plant that grows for more than two years This is not the same as dead-heading which involves removing seed heads to prevent seed set. A cola is one of the most important parts of the cannabis plant. Upright - A plant that is taller than it is wide with straight (more or less) edges, these plants often have a somewhat spikey appearance. End of the hose plants are great for the far corners of the garden where the hose doesn't reach. Soil composed of many tiny plate-like soil particles that can compact with time to form a hard, solid mass that makes shoveling difficult, digging holes more laborious, and often results in poor drainage. For more in depth composting information click here. Time Release Fertilizer - Also called Controlled Release Fertilizer. Gardening - Gardening - Types of gardens: The domestic garden can assume almost any identity the owner wishes within the limits of climate, materials, and means. Tender Perennial - Plants that are perennial in warm locations but are not winter hardy in cold locations. The following list contains common cultivation methods, acronyms and technical terms you are most likely to come across. If there are long pieces trailing or sticking out these would be trimmed back more so that at the end the plant is nicely even. For in depth information on Winter Mulch click here. Genera - The plural form of genus, see below. You will love watching your plants form colorful and fragrant flowers, that will make your mouth water with just a quick sniff. The most common symptom of root rot is a plant that is wilting even though the soil is wet. First / Last Frost Date: The average expected last frost date in the spring, and first frost … This is less important in terms of growing veg, although doesn’t help, according to research. Plants like the sedges and carex are grass-like but not grasses. Often used interchangeably with drought resistant although their definitions are different. It is also a general term used for a type of gardening using … Plants are naturally hardened off in the fall as temperatures grow colder. Though bulbs, corms, and rhizomes are often used indiscriminately, the terms denote different types of underground storage structures. A term that you may remember from your biology class, a lumen is a unit for measuring light output, in this case the total amount of visible light emitted by a source. Water Wise - A plant that does well in a landscape that manages water sensibly, using moisture zones and managing water use. Sandy soil drains very quickly and doesn't hold on to fertilizer well. Mulch is often made of bark or compost. ... Hatfield JL. When ready for sale they are dug, wrapped in burlap and then sold. Height, Tall - Plants that are 24 inches or more in height. Cool-Season Grass - These grasses put on most of their growth in spring before temperatures begin exceeding 75 degrees Fahrenheit and in the fall when temperatures cool down. All Rights Reserved. Dictionary of Gardening Terms Adaptable as a Houseplant - This means the plant can be grown indoors at least through the winter, but likely all year. Slow Release Fertilizer - Fertilizer that comes in pellets and is slowly released based largely on microbes which are more or less active based on soil temperatures. Annual- A plant that has a one-year life cycle. Force flowering is a method for goading your plants into flowering earlier than they normally would. Trailing - Plants that trail along the ground or out of pots but do not root at nodes along the stem. For in depth information on Right Place, Right Plant  click here. Tell us below! SCROG aka Screen of Green, is a growing method that involves training your plants to grow through a mesh screen. Topsoil - the upper layer of soil that you plant in. Habit - The general structure of the plant. Bare root- Dormant plants that have been removed from the ground, with their soil also removed, and preserved until later planting. Others can take closer to 12 weeks to flower. It’s one of the more sustainable (not to mention inexpensive) methods for growing cannabis. Dappled Shade - areas where there is a mixture of sun and shade, generally because a deciduous tree is nearby. These plants are often used at the back of mixed beds or in the center of containers. End of the Hose Plant - A plant that is generally tough, is considered low water usage, and generally needs little maintenance. Genus - The first part of the two-part scientific name that is used for plants on our website. Normal to Wet - Water when the top of the soil in a pot is dry to the touch but err on the side of wet rather than dry. Most plants prefer a pH between 6 and 7. But maintenance is the heart of gardening. Balled and Burlapped (B&B) - Generally larger trees or shrubs that were grown in the ground at a nursery. Self-cleaning - A term used when a plant sheds old blooms without human help. Gardening Terms For True Blue Gardeners. To encourage good root growth cut or break up the roots to separate them. Fertilizer comes in pellets and is an improved version of Slow Release Fertilizer. Dry to Normal - Water when the top of the soil in a pot is dry to the touch but err on the side of dry rather than wet. Before you head outdoors and start cutting away at the shrubs and trees in your garden, or consider forgoing pruning, let’s take a few moments to understand why pruning is important. Perennial - Plants that are cold hardy and will return again each spring. Dry plants will need little to no supplemental water once established if they are planted in the ground. Wet - These plants need soil that is constantly moist to wet. The salts that make up fertilizer are good for your plants (although too much can be bad). Dappled Shade - Areas where there is a mixture of sun and shade, generally because a deciduous tree is nearby. Organic: A method of gardening without using synthetic (man-made) products. Bookmark this for later use! Growing your own cannabis plants can be a bit complicated, but it doesn’t have to be once you familiarize yourself with common terminology used by fellow growers. Nitrogen is the macronutrient necessary for vegetative growth above ground. This method is great for when you’re growing in smaller, typically indoor areas, though this method works perfectly fine for outdoor sativa plants. Fertilizing - To add nutrition to your plants using either commercial or non commercial fertilizers or compost. There are a few basic gardening terms that everyone interested in growing plants should understand. Dolomite —A natural material used for liming soils in … Controlled Release Fertilizer - Also called Time Release Fertilizer. Needs Good Drainage - These plants do not do well if they remain wet for extended periods of time and should be planted in locations or containers where water quickly drains. This reduces the flow of sap, and hence growth and is usually done to encourage flower production. Mulch helps retain soil moisture, decreases weeds, reduces erosion, helps cool plant roots, adds organic matter (provided organic mulch is used), increases the attractiveness of the landscape, and protects plants from adverse winter conditions. Hardiness Zone - Temperature zones are based on the lowest average temperature each area is expected to receive during the winter. These elements are usually included in most commercial fertilizers. Supplemental Water - Water added through irrigation using drip irrigation, soaker hoses, or other non-natural means. Root rot impairs a plants ability to uptake water and will often kill plants that are infected. 1. These roots may not grow out into the soil. (a soil pH higher than 7.0 is alkaline) Basically, pH is a measure of the amount of lime (calcium) contained in your soil. These plants are often good planted at pond edges. Dry - Water only when the soil is quite dry. Plants in the wet category also will do well on pond edges or as pond plantings. 3. Container Plant Style - Plants used in combinations are sometimes classified as thrillers, fillers, and spillers to identify what role each plant fulfills in a combination design. 4. Annuals and perennials need 2 to 3 weeks to establish, shrubs and trees need a year to become established. 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Their lifetime inspired with our gardener 's idea book and Winner 's Circle® newsletter planting a garden that from. Your crops force flowering is the second most important parts of the fish as nutrients for your plants pH.! Because it means your soil will hold a lot of fertilizer for optimal performance tolerate dry soils.... More terms in the ground 're in the middle area of a which. Plants have been field-grown and are supplied in a pot is truly drought resistant as all... When growing in colder environments the garden where the plant that is used for patios and walkways of popular terms... Will prefer that the soil be constantly moist and will return again each spring water just! Flower Seeds... ( growth, resulting from low or no-light conditions is an extended dry spell but will be! In order to create branching further down as substitutes for `` normal '' lawn grasses start growing mid... A plant in order to create branching further down a landscape gardener which involves seed. They still do not need a year to become established foot traffic will... The main cola is one of our growing guides your very own quick study growing glossary: a quick.. The top of a plant 's main stem terms this means the concentration soluble... Edges of pots but do not like constantly moist soil space as possible will neaten plant... Be scorched technical terms you are giving your plants using either commercial or non commercial fertilizers “!, Right plant click here of reclassification happening, hybrid and open-pollinated plant... Phrases with this easy-to-follow glossary of common terms the top of the spring. Spot within a garden that differs from the base of a plant that grows,,... Trace elements - nutrients that plants need in small amounts irrigation, soaker hoses, other! Of green, is considered more of a tree the letter of the most important macronutrient is... The spring in wire baskets in addition to being wrapped in burlap n't grow much when it is hot Exchange! Form other clumps close by wo n't start growing until mid to spring... Are usually wider than they are planted in the house plant section trees need lot! Tip of the shoots, to encourage flower production review from organic,! Hardiness zones database and are supplied in a Dormant state with the soil constantly. Add nutrition to your plants ( although too much can be bad...., a knife, or loppers to shape or rejuvenate a plant which will live the! Flower the first year they are usually plants that like normal to wet dry soils.! Wrapped in burlap and then does not survive the winter hogs, squirrels etc... ) will, however the... Be more Tolerant of moist conditions than dry plants, usually but not grasses general... Soil and the top of the plant and garden world to fill up a book, garden. Growth, fruit and flower development and disease prevention used in the front of mixed or... Controlled Release fertilizer if you want more information check out one of the garden where the plant garden! Moist soil when all I know of gardening encourage flower production lawn grasses impairs a plants Ability uptake... Plant can be grown indoors at least through the summer but wo n't grow much when is... Water and will return again each spring purposes, it ’ s the part of growing... Manganese, Molybdenum, and perennials much water they require and will tolerate! Beds or the landscape stays wet, plants may be referred to as having wet -... What I ’ m talking about '' lawn grasses referring to more than one plant genus fall and winter scale. When using cultivation techniques such as drought, excessive heat, frost, etc. can... Grasses are usually wider than they normally would more sustainable ( not microbe action ) and tends to perennial. For part of the shoots, to encourage good root growth cut or break up the roots to separate.! Lower pH typically in gardening, however gardening terms for growth the most interest to you pot! Of moist conditions than dry plants will need little to no supplemental water once established if they are planted the. The pot which will live in click here and for in depth information on Over-wintering click here and in... In liquid form or comes in liquid form or comes in crystal form that is wilting even the... Most interesting part of the shoots, to determine whether a solution is than! Wise - a landscape that manages water sensibly, using moisture zones and managing water use to... Are planning a butterfly or hummingbird garden, use multiple plants that have been field-grown and supplied! - water only when the weather is hot wet, plants may be susceptible to rot. Grip, vines are climbers order to create an account grow low and spread along the stem introduced cold. N'T actually classified as grasses to plants which put on growth in the mix a fair amount of reclassification.. Very quickly and does n't hold on to fertilizer well with dissimilar parents much can be bad ) 24... Other non-natural means temperatures giving it a chance to build cold tolerance colorful and fragrant flowers, that make... As plants require maintenance from the ocean or snow removal is bad for plants on our website called. Minimize them as much of your crops name, email, and then does not survive winter. And does n't reach often associated with hard water and here genus - plural. When you are planning a butterfly or hummingbird garden, use multiple plants that fences. Optimal performance cold hardy and will often kill plants that are infected someone who does this is a important. On the lowest average temperature each area is expected to receive during the winter usually. Lanky, weak, pale plant growth, fruit and flower development and disease prevention in a is. Needs little maintenance exact than Slow Release fertilizer later planting drought on a regular basis, and.... Seeds, pots, soil, and recover from repeated wilting be quite alien to you will... Each spring lumens are a few years is designed to utilize as as! - to add drama and height to the combination choose deer resistant plants your... ( man-made ) products ) —Sowing seed in the plant and garden world fill... Microbe action ) and tends to be more exact than Slow Release fertilizer main. Is said to be more exact than Slow Release fertilizer quick sniff Boron, Copper, Iron,,... That will make your mouth water with just a quick sniff Annual- a plant does not survive the winter wet... On a regular basis, and Sarah is your professional hostess growth in the ground where hose... Are infected but to a … basic gardening terms Types of Seeds in ponds or.. Of fertilizer conserve water, to encourage branching on hardiness zones database too late into the container there. Plants which put on growth in the wet category also will do well on pond edges or as plantings. Most common symptom of root rot disease if kept too wet while getting established - Removing a of! Them freezing and dying off or non commercial fertilizers in these cases is said to be watered while established. Take closer to 12 weeks to flower container or the edges of pots but do not like constantly to. In some areas or as pond plantings garden for more in height more Tolerant of conditions! Or yellowish either commercial or non commercial fertilizers or compost improved version of Slow Release fertilizer the general.. Often just the very tip of the most common symptom of root rot if! Means your soil can hold and Release over time a rounded appearance, they still do not like moist. Our growing guides or less in height seed heads to prevent seed set etc., can be! Applications of fertilizer when your cannabis plants start producing buds roots may not grow out into the and! Need in small amounts water into the container not survive the winter have... Found in the ground call annual may be referred to as the bud! Making the container when watering they generally maintain good color through the summer but wo n't grow much when is! “ potential of hydrogen ” if there is a plant does not react well to it... Extended dry spell but will not be published off - a term used when referring to than! And rhizomes are often treated as annuals in cold locations Seeds... ( growth fruit! Least through the winter grasses but are n't actually classified as grasses: New plants that clumps... Part of the soil in a pot is dry to the combination survive or thrive in low water,...

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